Ludwig Quidde

Ludwig QuiddeLudwig Quidde was the Peace Prize winner German historian, pacifist and politician. He had earned a doctorate in history and got associated with the International Peace Bureau. Later, he became the president of the German Peace Society. He faced political surveillance due to his views against Germany’s take-over of neighboring countries.  He was admirer of democracy and worked throughout his life for bringing up the issues on peace and international understanding. He was a skillful politician but still he is more remembered for his contribution in pacifistic organizations. He moved to Switzerland when Hitler came to the power
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Born: March 23, 1858, Bremen, Germany
Died: March 4, 1941, Geneva, Switzerland
Education: University of Göttingen
Nationality: German
Occupation: Politician
Residence: Germany
Known for: Nobel Peace Prize
Awards: Nobel Peace Prize
Role: Participant of various peace conferences, Member, German Parliament, Professor, Berlin University

The security of which we speak is to be attained by the development of international law through an international organization based on the principles of law and justice.

We pacifists have not ceased to point to the grave danger of armaments and to insist on their curtailment.

It will be sufficient to point to the enormous burdens which armaments place on the economic, social, and intellectual resources of a nation, as well as on its budget and taxes.

Armaments are necessary - or are maintained on the pretext of necessity - because of a real or an imagined danger of war.

Thus, if armaments were curtailed without a secure peace and all countries disarmed proportionately, military security would have been in no way affected.

The present level of armaments could be taken as the starting point. It could be stipulated in an international treaty that these armaments should be simultaneously and uniformly reduced by a certain proportion in all countries.

The relationship of the two problems is rather the reverse. To a great extent disarmament is dependent on guarantees of peace. Security comes first and disarmament second.

Some pacifists have carried the sound idea of the prime importance of security too far, to the point of declaring that any consideration of disarmament is superfluous and pointless as long as eternal peace has not been attained.

Pacifist propaganda and the resolutions of the parliamentarians encouraged such treaties, and toward the end of the nineteenth century their number had increased considerably.

Limitation of armaments in itself is economically and financially important quite apart from security.


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